Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is a document that an employer in Canada may need to get before hiring a foreign worker. A positive LMIA will show that there is a need for a foreign worker to fill the job. It will also show that no Canadian worker is available to do the job. A positive LMIA is sometimes called a confirmation letter.

If the employer needs an LMIA, they must apply for one.


The Temporary Foreign Workers Program is administered based on wage instead of the NOC. Employers need to know whether they are paying a high or low wage, and the requirements for hiring foreign workers in one of the following occupation streams under the The Temporary Foreign Workers Program :

High-wage positions :
positions in which the wage offered is at or above the provincial/territorial median wage. Examples of high-wage positions include management, professional, scientific, technical, or skilled trade occupations. Generally, these occupations are also considered high-skilled and can be found throughout many sectors of the economy, and as a result often have very diverse recruitment practices and regulatory requirements.

Low-wage positions :
positions in which the wage offered is below the provincial/territorial median wage. The general goal of the low-wage positions stream is to correct labour market imbalances when there is a shortage of Canadians and permanent residents, so generally there is a 10 percent cap on the number of temporary foreign workers that employers may hire. Examples of low-wage positions include general labourers, food counter attendants, and sales and service, cleaners, cashiers, and drivers. Generally, these jobs require at most a high school diploma or a maximum of two years of job-specific training, and low wages are paid. It is with respect to these types of occupations that the government has received much criticism over its inability to identify whether the need to fill labour shortages is a short-term phenomenon or the result of longer-term changes in the economy.

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